Bismuth oxynitrate

Bismuth oxynitrate is the name applied to a number of compounds that contain Bi3+, nitrate ions and oxide ions and which can be considered as compounds formed from Bi2O3, N2O5 and H2O. Other names for bismuth oxynitrate include bismuth subnitrate and bismuthyl nitrate. In older texts bismuth oxynitrate is often simply described as BiONO3. Bismuth oxynitrate was once called magisterium bismuti or bismutum subnitricum, and was used as a white pigment, in beauty care, and as a gentle disinfectant for internal and external use.
Bismuth oxynitrate is commercially available as Bi5O(OH)9(NO3)4 (CAS number: 1304-85-4) or as BiONO3·H2O (CAS Number 13595-83-0).
Some compounds have been fully characterised with single crystal studies and found to contain the octahedral [Bi6Ox(OH)8−x](10-x)+ cation. There is indirect evidence that either the octahedral cation Bi6O4(OH)46+ or the octahedral cation Bi6(OH)126+ is present in aqueous solution following the polymerisation of Bi(H2O)83+, the Bi3+ ion present in acidic solutions. The ion Bi6O4(OH)46+ is found in the perchlorate compound Bi6O4(OH)4ClO4·7H2O and is isoelectronic with the octahedral Sn6O4(OH)4 cluster found in the hydrate of tin(II) oxide, 3SnO·H2O. The compounds that contain this are:-
Bi6O4(HO)4(NO3)6·H2O (equivalent to BiONO3·0.5 H2O; Bi2O3.N2O5.H2O )
Bi6O4(OH)4(NO3)6.4H2O(equivalent to BiONO3·H2O; Bi2O3.N2O5.6H2O )
[Bi6O4.5(OH)3.5]2(NO3)11 contains two different cations, [Bi6O4(OH)4]6+ and [Bi6O5(OH)3]5+
The compound Bi6O5(OH)3(NO3)5.3H2O(equivalent to 6Bi2O3.5N2O5.9H2O) also contains the octahedral units but this time they are joined to form {[Bi6O5(OH)3]5+}2.
Additionally some oxynitrates have layer structures (a common motif also found in bismuth(III) oxyhalides):-
Bi2O2(OH)NO3 (equivalent to BiONO3·0.5 H2O) contains “[Bi2O2]2+ layers
Bi5O7NO3 which is isostructural with β–Bi5O7I

This page uses material from the related Wikipedia article which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Looking to buy Bismuth oxynitrate?

Enquire now about bulk ordering

If you’re interested in further information or purchasing this product please submit your details in the form below and we will get back to you shortly. If you would rather discuss the product by phone please contact us on +44 (0) 1494 728458.